There are few cities in the world who have suffered such a deep transformation in recent years as Berlin. The city, once divided by the famous Wall, is now turned into a beautiful and pleasant capital, in which you can hardly notice the former division between Western and Eastern blocs. The elegant neoclassical buildings characteristic from Charlottenburg contrasts with the contemporary architecture of the government district or the Potsdamer Platz. Visitors may pass in a few yards of being in a classic and elegant boulevard to be in an alternative and avant-garde neighbourhood almost without noticing it.
However, Berlin does not highlight only for its architecture and urban design, is also a city of great parks, nightlife and many museums. In 2006 it was chosen by UNESCO Creative City, and in 2009 received the Prince of Asturias Award for Concord.
Berlin, capital of the Federal Republic of Germany, is one of the sixteen Länder. It is located in northeastern Germany near the Polish border. The rivers Spree, Havel, Panke and Wuhle cross the city. With a population of nearly three and a half million inhabitants, Berlin is the most populous city in the country, and the fifth largest metropolis in the European Union.
The city, founded in 1237, has been the capital of the country from 1701 until 1945. After finishing the Second World War, the eastern part of the city became the capital of East Germany, while the western region became an enclave within the Federal Republic of West Germany. En1961, the GDR raised the so-called Berlin Wall, with the objective of separate the two parts of the city, to isolate West Berlin of the GDR, and end the emigration of East Germans to the west. The wall, which had a total of 144 km, was one of the most important symbols of the Cold War and the partition of Germany.
The Berlin Wall finally fell on November 9, 1989, when the government of the GDR accepted the free movement of citizens between the two parts of the city. Nearly a year after the GDR disappeared, being annexed by West Germany, which in 1990 moved its capital from Bonn to Berlin, and the entire population of the former republic was absorbed by the EU. It is one of the most influential cities in the political arena of the European Union.
Many buildings and landmarks such as Potsdamer Platz and the Reichstag have been renovated. Many among the best architects in the world built or rebuilt a number of public and private buildings. It is expected that by 2019 re-build the Imperial Palace in the city, destroyed in 1950. This project involves the creation of a cultural centre within the new building, whose facade will be an exact copy of the original.